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Prostate Cancer
Treatment Guide™

Treatment
Description
Prostate Cancer
Patient Profile
Prostate Cancer
Treatments
Prostate Cancer
Survival Rates
Prostate Cancer
Side Effects
Therapy News View Procedures Share Your Experience

Hormone
Therapy

Prostate Hormone Therapy

Prostate hormone therapy suppresses, blocks, or eliminates testosterone to slow the tumor’s growth. Prostate Hormone
Therapy

Prostate hormone therapy suppresses, blocks, or eliminates testosterone to slow the tumor’s growth.

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Hormone Therapy Uses

Therapy can slow the tumor’s growth or lower a PSA level; it may be used before, during, or after other treatment. Hormone Therapy Uses

Therapy can slow the tumor’s growth or lower a PSA level; it may be used before, during, or after other treatment.

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Shrinking the Prostate

Surgical castration patients return home the day of the surgery. Treatment is given orally or by injection. Shrinking the Prostate

Surgical castration patients return home the day of the surgery. Treatment is given orally or by injection.

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Hormone
Therapy Effects

Hormone therapy does not destroy cancer but research has shown effectiveness in enhancing other treatments. Hormone
Therapy Effects

Hormone therapy does not destroy cancer but research has shown effectiveness in enhancing other treatments.

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Hormone Therapy
Side Effects

May cause impotence, weight gain, hot flashes, fatigue, loss of muscle mass; and hormone “flare” in LHRH use. Hormone Therapy
Side Effects

May cause impotence, weight gain, hot flashes, fatigue, loss of muscle mass; and hormone “flare” in LHRH use.

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Prostate News

Click here for the latest news on Hormone Therapy.Prostate News

Click here for the latest news on Hormone Therapy.

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Hormone Therapy
Videos

Click here to view Hormone Therapy procedures. Hormone Therapy
Videos

Click here to view Hormone Therapy procedures.

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Hormone Therapy
Experiences


Click here to share your Hormone Therapy experiences.Hormone Therapy
Experiences

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Brachytherapy

Chemotherapy

Cryotherapy & Cryosurgery

Radiation
Therapy

Prostatectomy

Robotic Prostatectomy

Watchful
Waiting

Complementary
and
Alternative Medicine

High Intensity
Focused
Ultrasound (HIFU)

Emerging Technologies

 

Prostate Cancer Hormone Therapy Side Effects - Anti-androgen

Prostate cancer can be slowed through use of the anti-androgens and the combined androgen blockade (CAB). The use of hormone therapy, however, can have adverse side effects that many patients find unpleasant, or possibly, dangerous. There are side effects beyond those listed here that may occur with hormone therapy. Patients should pay attention to their bodies and note any changes they may want to report to a doctor.

Side effects associated with hormone therapy may go away on their own as the body readjusts to the new agents. Patients who find that the severity of side effects interferes with the enjoyment of everyday life should speak with their doctors. Prostate cancer hormone therapy is a valuable tool in halting the growth of the tumor. Doctors may encourage their patients to stay with hormone therapy to see if the body adjusts and the side effects go away, or they may want to change the medication or the therapy.

Common side effects associated with the use of an anti-androgen include:

  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Loss of or decrease in appetite
  • Dizziness or headache
  • Swelling of (gynecomastia) or tenderness in the breasts
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Impotence or decrease in sex drive

Sexual side effects associated with anti-androgens are usually temporary and less than those associated with medical castration and surgical castration. When anti-androgens are used without LHRH agonists or antagonists, or orchiectomy, libido and potency can usually be maintained.

Less common side effects of anti-androgen use include:

  • A bloated feeling accompanied by gas or indigestion
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Dryness of mouth
  • Flu-like symptoms (including: headache, muscle and joint pain, tiredness, nausea, and vomiting together)
  • Change in the eye's ability to readjust to changing light levels or the ability to perceive color (associated with nilutamide)

Other uncommon side effects require immediate medical attention: chest pain, shortness of breath, pain in the upper right abdomen, and yellowing of the eyes and skin.

Other uncommon side effects include coughing, hoarseness, fever, tightness of chest, black or tarry stool, chills, depression, numbness or tingling in hands, arms, feet, or legs, dark urine, unusual bleeding or bruising, and pressure in the head or facial swelling. Patients who experience these symptoms do not need immediate medical attention, but should speak with their doctors.

Men who undergo prostate cancer hormone therapy to ablate their testosterone may notice a change in the way facial and body hair grows. Men, however, will not turn into women, nor will they lose secondary sexual characteristics. Patients who are considering hormone therapy as a prostate cancer treatment should speak with their doctors about the advantages and disadvantages that different LHRH agonist drugs offer.

 
 
 
 

 
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