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Prostate Cancer Treatment Guide

Treatment
Description
Prostate Cancer
Patient Profile
Prostate Cancer
Treatments
Prostate Cancer
Survival Rates
Prostate Cancer
Side Effects
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Cryosurgery &
Cryotherapy

Prostate Cryotherapy

Also called cryosurgery, this minimally invasive procedure uses needles to apply freezing gases to the prostate. Prostate Cryotherapy

Also called cryosurgery, this minimally invasive procedure uses needles to apply freezing gases to the prostate.

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Cryosurgery Patients

Cryosurgery is used for patients with localized cancer, external radiation recurrent cancer, Gleason scores under 6, or PSA levels under 10. Cryosurgery Patients

Cryosurgery is used for patients with localized cancer, external radiation recurrent cancer, Gleason scores under 6, or PSA levels under 10.

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Minimally Invasive Surgery

Cryosurgery takes about 2 hours with a possible overnight admission. Minimally Invasive
Surgery

Cryosurgery takes about 2 hours with a possible overnight admission.

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Cryosurgery
Survival Rates

Long-term clinical results are limited but promising. Cryosurgery
Survival Rates

Long-term clinical results are limited but promising.

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Cryosurgery
Side Effects

Side effects may include moderate pelvic pain, blood in urine, scrotal swelling, mild urinary urgency, and impotence. Cryosurgery
Side Effects

Side effects may include moderate pelvic pain, blood in urine, scrotal swelling, mild urinary urgency, and impotence.

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Prostate News

Click here for the latest news on Cryosurgery & Cryotherapy.Prostate News

Click here for the latest news on Cryosurgery & Cryotherapy.

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Cryosurgery &
Cryotherapy Videos

Click here to view Cryosurgery & Cryotherapy procedures. Cryosurgery &
Cryotherapy Videos

Click here to view Cryosurgery & Cryotherapy procedures.

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Cryosurgery &
Cryotherapy Experience


Click here to share your Cryosurgery & Cryotherapy experiences.Cryosurgery &
Cryotherapy Experience

Click here to share your Cryosurgery & Cryotherapy experiences.

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Brachytherapy

Chemotherapy

Hormone
Therapy

Radiation
Therapy

Prostatectomy

Robotic Prostatectomy

Watchful
Waiting

Complementary
and
Alternative Medicine

High Intensity
Focused
Ultrasound (HIFU)

Emerging Technologies

 

Prostate Cancer Cryotherapy:
Common Side Effects

Prostate cancer cryotherapy (cryosurgery) freezes the entire prostate gland through a minimally invasive procedure involving ultrathin cryoneedles. Side effects usually occur due to damage of the surrounding tissue during the procedure. The severity and occurrence of side effects are largely affected by the relative health of a patient as well as whether cryosurgery is a primary or salvage treatment option. The advent of the minimally-invasive ultrathin cryoneedles and more precise imaging techniques has greatly decreased the occurrence of many side effects, with the exception of impotence.

After undergoing prostate cancer cryotherapy, some patients may experience the following side effects:

Swelling in the Genital Area after Cryosurgery
The entry of the needles through perineum (the skin and muscles between the scrotum and anus) causes irritation and inflammation. Many physicians will recommend using ice packs on the affected area or beginning a regimen of over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drug.

Scrotal Edema
A more severe complication, scrotal edema occurs when fluid collects in the scrotum. Proper evaluation must be performed by a doctor so that proper course of treatment may be chosen.

Irritation during Urination
Many men will experience itching or burning while urinating after undergoing prostate cryosurgery. Symptoms usually will dissipate in a few days. Some men will also experience urgency. Speak with your physician if symptoms worsen after a few days.

Hematuria: Blood in the Urine
Many men will experience blood in the urine (hematuria) after undergoing prostate cryotherapy. There are two types of hematuria, gross and microscopic. Gross hematuria is visible to the naked eye. If bleeding persists past a few days, please speak with your physician.

Urethral Sloughing and Urinary Obstruction
The passage of dead tissue through the urethra, urethral sloughing, occurs when the urethra is damaged during the cryotherapy. Fortunately, the use of a warming catheter has greatly decreased the occurrence of urethral sloughing. Severe cases of sloughing cause urinary obstruction and require medical treatment. Men who have undergone transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or another prostate cancer treatment, such as external radiation therapy, are at higher risk for urethral sloughing.

Urethro-Rectal Fistula
One of the more serious and rarer side effects is urethro-rectal fistula. Urethro-rectal fistula occurs when an unnatural channel forms between the urethra, which carries urine or ejaculate out of the body, and the rectum, which holds fecal matter prior to defecation. This channel allows materials from one part of the body to pass into another. The results can include diarrhea or urinary tract infections. New techniques in prostate cryosurgery have lead to decrease in fistula. The warming catheter and the ultrathin, precise cryoneedles have contributed to the decrease of the occurrence of fistula.

Other Side Effects
Other side effects include impotence and incontinence. Prostate cryotherapy entails relatively low rates of incontinence after the catheter is removed. To read more about incontinence, please click here. Cryotherapy is associated with higher rates of impotence, which is the ability of maintain an erection satisfactory for sexual intercourse. To read more about impotence, please click here.

 

 
 
 
 

 
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