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Prostate Cancer
Treatment Guide™

Experts in Treating Prostate Cancer
Treatment
Description
Prostate Cancer
Patient Profile
Prostate Cancer
Treatments
Prostate Cancer
Survival Rates
Prostate Cancer
Side Effects
Therapy News View Procedures Share Your Experience

High Intensity
Focused
Ultrasound (HIFU)

HIFU Description

Minimally invasive procedure that uses ultrasound waves to heat and destroy affected tissues within the prostate.HIFU Description

Minimally invasive procedure that uses ultrasound waves to heat and destroy affected tissues within the prostate.

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HIFU Patients

Most effective for patients with Stage I or II prostate cancer or whose cancer recurs locally after radiation therapy.HIFU Patients
Most effective for patients with Stage I or II prostate cancer or whose cancer recurs locally after radiation therapy.

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HIFU Procedure

Ultrasound waves are directed at the prostate, and the temperature is rapidly elevated to ablate the affected tissue.HIFU Procedure

Ultrasound waves are directed at the prostate, and the temperature is rapidly elevated to ablate the affected tissue.

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HIFU Survival Rates

A high percentage of men with localized prostate cancer, who use HIFU, are successfully treated while maintaining continence.
HIFU Survival Rates

A high percentage of men with localized prostate cancer, who use HIFU, are successfully treated while maintaining continence.

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Side effects of HIFU

After a HIFU procedure, patients may experience frequent and/or urgent urination, mild discomfort, or discharge.
Side effects of HIFU

After a HIFU procedure, patients may experience frequent and/or urgent urination, mild discomfort, or discharge.

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Prostate News

Click here for the latest news on High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU). Prostate News

Click here for the latest news on High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU).

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High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Videos

Click here to view High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) procedures. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Videos

Click here to view High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) procedures.

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High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Experiences

Click here to share your High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) experiences.High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Experiencse

Click here to share your High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) experiences.

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Brachytherapy

Chemotherapy

Cryotherapy & Cryosurgery

Hormone
Therapy

Radiation
Therapy

Prostatectomy

Robotic Prostatectomy

Watchful
Waiting

Complementary
and
Alternative Medicine

Emerging Technologies

 

Determining Treatment Options with Patient Characteristics

When diagnosed with prostate cancer, one of the first things many patients need to consider is the treatment options available to them. For instance, patients with localized prostate cancer may be treated with High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), which is typically used for the ablation of the entire prostate gland. However, all treatment options vary depending on certain factors, including the patients:

      . Age
            Yearly prostate screenings should start at age 50, or at age 40 for
            men at higher risk (with a family history)

            63% of prostate cancer cases occur in men 65 years old and older

      . Lifestyle

            Diet, amount of exercise, degree of stress, daily supplement intake

      . Gleason score (measures aggressiveness of the tumor)

            This score is determined by examining the specimen from a recent biopsy

            The shape and size of the prostate gland is evaluated, and the score
            is based on the differentiation in tissue structure

      . PSA level (prostate-specific antigen)

            Low levels are normal, but a sign of prostate cancer is an increase
            in levels

            While this number is not enough to diagnose prostate cancer, it helps
            when monitoring levels

      . Stageii

  Stage I Stage II Stage III Stage IV
Location of Cancer

Contained in prostate gland only

More advanced, but still contained Spread beyond prostate gland Spread beyond seminal vesicles to other organs

PSA Level

Less than 10 10-20 Any level Any level
Gleason Score 6 or less 7 2-10 2-10

 

Patients who may Benefit from High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)
HIFU isn't the best treatment option for all patients. However, patients with localized prostate cancer (Stage I or II) that hasn't yet spread to other areas of the body may want to consider this minimally invasive procedure. Also, HIFU therapy may be used for men diagnosed with low or intermediate-riskiii.

Those who are low risk:

      • Have a PSA level less than or equal to 10 ng/mL

      • Are in Stage T1c–T2a, where no nodules are felt on DRE, or a small nodule
      is in less than half of one side of the prostate

      • Have a Gleason score of 6

 

Those who are intermediate risk:

      • Have a PSA level of 10–20 ng/mL

      • Are in Stage T2b where larger nodules are confined to one lobe

      • Have a Gleason score of 7

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound can also be used as “salvage therapy” for patients whose cancer recurs locally after radiation therapy.

i http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/detection/PSA
ii http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/prostate/Patient/page2
iii http://www.ourvoiceinprostatehealth.com/articles/2010/04/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound

 
 
 

 
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